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The following information was scanned and read with OCR directly from a copy of the original patent. We apologize for any difficulty in reading the OCR text; however it will give you a very good idea of the background of the patent print you will receive.
P7f91'7 edlim e
AM PXOTOLTHO CO NY (0000RNES PROCESS)
JOHN McF LYETH OF' BALTMORE MARYLAND
Specification of Letters Patent No 11 dated June 27 1854
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that Jour McF LYETH of Baltimore in the State of 1Vlaryhind have invented discovered or produced a
5 new and useful Article Of Commerce or Manufacture which denominate a " MarbleSlab Coffin" and do hereby declare the following to be a full clear and exact description of the same reference being
10 had to the accompanying drawings making a part thereof in which
Figure 1 represents the coffin complete and Fig 2 represents a longitudinal i ertical section through the same
15 Similar letters in both the figures denote like parts
am aware that stone earth glass and other similar substances have been used in the construction of coffins But in all
20 these the body of the coffin was made in one piece and the lid in another or prob ably in two pieces As confine myself strictly to the construction of stone coffins shall not speak of any other than those
25 heretofore made of stone and only so far as to show the difference between what claim and what has been done heretofore
Sarcophagi have been known and used for ages but these are cut from the solid
30 stone and are expensive heavy difficult to transport and moreover confined at the present day to the cheaper qualities of marble as the whole Of the material from the inside is lost or wasted
35 The nature of my invention relates to the manufacture of marble or stone coffins out of slabs sawed to the proper degree of thickness and secured together by pins dowels or rods so that the bottom sides
40 ends and top may all be secured to each other and so arranging the handles therein as that when it is lifted the weight shall come on the bottom slab and which entire coffin thus formed consider a new
45 article of manufacture not hitherto known or used
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention T vill proceed to describe the same with reference to the
A represents the sides top bottom and
ends of the coffin which may be made of
the finest talian marble sawed into slabs
of such thickness as will give the article
55 strength enough to be lifted and trans
ported and for the purposes of economy
make the bottom slab the heavier (and it may be of less expensive marble than the other parts) as it supports the entire Weightof the coffin when raised up by the 60 handles B which although at the sides really lift from the bottom as seen in Fig 1 where a represents in dotted lines the rods passing from the handles through the side and bottom and secured by a nut b 65 underneath the bottom
C is an escutcheon to cover the hole for the rod a The top may be hinged as at c with a glass or other transparent material covering an opening D and said top is 70 connected to the lower part by means of nuts d upon the rods e which rods are secured in the slabs or the nuts may be secured and the rods screwed into them The joint E may be held together by a rod f 75 with a thread and nut g at each end of it The joints may be closed with cement so as to make the coffin air tight and the rods or nuts by which the several parts are connected together may be so formed as to 80 be almost entirely concealed or where exposed made ornamental the object being to firmly secure the slabs together and throw the weight thereof when raised or carried by the handles onto the bottom slab 85 by which means the sides ends and top may be made more light and the whole less liable to be injured The advantages are in the great saving of material as it may
be sawed up into slabs its lightness and 90 strength in view of the material used and its cheapness when compared with coffins cut out from the solid block as they may be made of the finest talian marbles at the same or even less expense than one cut 95 out from the more common kind of marbles
Having thus fully described the nature of my invention what claim therein as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is
The method herein described of constructing marble slab coffins so that the joints shall be tight and strongly secured to each other and to the bottom and when raised
by the handles the weight shall come upon the bottom slab substantially as described the whole forming a new article of commerce not hitherto known or used
JOHN McF LYETH