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E. HOLBROOK Jr
No. . Patented April 26 1864
S. PETERS. PN
NITED STATES PATENT .OFFICE.
EDWARD HOLBROOK JR. OF LOUISVILLE KENTUCKY.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. dated April 26 1864.
To all whoim it Mai cotzcern:
Be it known that I EDWARD HOLBROOK Jr. of Louisville in the county of Jefferson and State of Kentucky have invented a new and Improved Lump-Tobacco Cutter; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full and exact description of the same reference being had to the accompanying drawings making part of this specification in which
Figure 1 is a plan of my improved cutter. Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof. Fig. 3 is a vertical section of the same in the line x x Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a vertical section in the line y y Fig. 2.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.
This invention consists in a machine of novel and simple construction whereby slabs of tobacco may be rapidly severed or divided into the pieces which are commonly termed "lumps."
The invention further consists in lubricating the knives or cutters to adapt them to more readily penetrate the tobacco and pre-vent the accumulation of the gummy matter thereof all as will be hereinafter fully explained.
In order that others skilled in the art to which my invention appertains may be enabled to fully understand and use the same I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.
In the accompanying drawings A may rep-resent various portions of a frame in which the several operating parts of the machine are mounted.
B represents a table upon which the slabs are passed to the cutting apparatus.
C represents a roll the shaft C' of which is journaled in suitable boxes in the frame A. This roll C is provided with a series of circular knives or cutters c which work in corresponding slots b in the inclined receiving-table B' said table performing the Office of guiding the tobacco-lumps and removing from the roll C any matter which may adhere thereto while the machine is in operation.through which the cutters c pass while being revolved and by which they are lubricated in such manner as to adapt then to readily cut orpenetratethe tobacco and prevent the gum-my substance of the latter from adhering to the knives.
E represents a roll placed in parallel position to the roll C and supported by the shaft E' at a point above said roll C; and in some-what closer proximity to the feeding-table B. In this roll E are formed grooves into which work the cutters c and which are kept clean or free from tobacco by pivoted scrapers e'.
F is a removable roll arranged to rotate in contact with the roll E and having its periphery covered with felt or analogous mate rial which may be saturated with liquid flavor . so as to keep the roll in clean condition. The rolls C and E are rotated simultaneously through the medium of gearing G- H power being applied to the band-pulley I.
The manner in which the machine operates is clearly illustrated in Fig. 3. The slabs being successively passed between the rolls C and E are divided into lumps by the cutters c and the lumps when received upon the table B' are placed on a flat board J and deposited into a box or receptacle K one of these boards being interposed between each layer of lumps therein as shown in Fig. 3.
Having thus described my invention the following is what I claim as new therein and de-sire to secure by Letters Patent
1. The roll C provided with knives or cut- . ters c and operating in connection with the roll E substantially as and for the purpose specified.
2. The lubricating of the knives c in manner substantially as herein described and for the purpose set forth.
3. In combination with the rolls C E the inclined slotted table B' and roll F to prevent the adhesion of the gummy matter of the tobacco as explained.
EDWD. HOLBROOK JR.
CHARLES D. SMITH JAMES H. GRIDLEY.
D represents a pan or vessel placed beneath the roll C; and containing a liquid flavor